Imigranci w Wielkiej Brytanii: skala dyskryminacji p?acowej a pochodzenie

Igor Jakubiak

Abstract


W artykule podj?to pr? pornania skali dyskryminacji p?acowej imigrant na rynku pracy Zjednoczonego Krestwa w wyrnionych grupach narodowo?ciowych. Na podstawie danych, pochodz?cych z Labour Force Survey, przeprowadzono dekompozycj? Oaxaca-Blinder i Juhn-Murphy-Pierce. Uzyskane wyniki sugeruj? wyst?powanie podzia?u imigrant na pracownik z kraj wysokorozwini?tych, postkolonialnych, s?abo rozwini?tych oraz nowych kraj Unii Europejskiej. Poziom dyskryminacji p?acowej jest najwy?szy w?r ostatnich dwh grup iwynosi mi?dzy 10 a 25%. W grupach tych wyra?nie zaobserwowa? mo?na te? wp?yw braku umiej?tno?ci w?a?ciwych dla kraju docelowego oraz silniejszej motywacji do pracy os zlewego ogona rozk?adu p?ac.


References


Becker G. S., The Economics of Discrimination, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957

Bell B. D., The Performance of Immigrants in the United Kingdom: Evidence from the GHS, Economic Journal 107/441 (1997): 333-344,

Blackaby D. H., Leslie D. G., Murphy P. D. i OLeary N. C., White/Ethnic Minority and Employment Differentials in Britain: Evidence from the LFS, Oxford Economic Papers 54/2 (2002): 270-297

Blinder A. S., Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates, Journal of Human Resources 8/4 (1973): 436-455

Chernozhukov V., Fernndez?Val I. i Melly B., Inference on Counterfactual Distributions, Econometrica, 81/6 (2013): 2205-2268

Chiswick B. R., The Earnings of White and Coloured Male Immigrants in Britain, Economica 47/185 (1980): 81-87

Chiswick B. R., The Effect of Americanisation on the Earnings of Foreign-Born Men, Journal of Political Economy 86/5 (1978): 897-921

Clark K. i Drinkwater S., The labour-market performance of recent migrants, Oxford Review of Economic Policy 24/3 (2008): 496-517

Clark K. i Lindley J. K., Immigrant Assimilation Pre and Post Labour Market Entry: Evidence from the UK Labour Force Survey, Journal of Population Economics 22/1 (2008): 175-198

Constant A. i Massey D. S., Return Migration by German Guestworkers: Neoclassical versus New Economic Theories, International Migration 40/4 (2002): 5-38

Dustmann C. i Fabbri F., Language Proficiency and Labour Market Performance of Immigrants in the UK, Economic Journal 113/489 (2003): 695-717

Dustmann C. i Weiss Y., Return Migration: Theory and Empirical Evidence from the UK, British Journal of Industrial Relations 45/2 (2007): 236-256

Dustmann C., Temporary Migration and Economic Assimilation, Swedish Economic Policy Review 7/2 (2000): 213-244

Dustmann C., Temporary Migration, Human Capital and Language Fluency of Migrants, Scandinavian Journal of Economics 101/2 (1999): 297-314

Friedberg R. M., You Cant Take It With You? Immigrant Assimilation and the Portability of Human Capital, Journal of Labor Economics 18/2 (2000): 221-251

Hatton T. J. i Wheatley Price S., Migration, Migrants and Policy in the United Kingdom in European Migration: What Do We Know?, ed. Zimmermann, K., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005

Heckman J. J., Sample selection bias as a specification error, Econometrica 47/1 (1979): 153161

Juhn C., Murphy K. M., Pierce B., Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill, The Journal of Political Economy, 101/3 (1993): 410-442

Kesler, C., Immigrant Wage Disadvantage in Sweden and the United Kingdom: Wage Structure and Barriers to Opportunity, International Migration Review 44/3 (2010): 560-592

Lehmer F. i Ludsteck J., The Immigrant Wage Gap in Germany: Are East Europeans Worse Off?, International Migration Review, 45/4 (2011): 872-906

Melly B., Decomposition of differences in distribution using quantile regression, Labour Economics 12/4 (2005): 577-590

Oaxaca R., Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets, International Economic Review 14/3 (1973): 693-709

Pollard N., Latorre M. i Sriskandarajah D., Floodgates or Turnstiles? Post EU Enlargement Migration Flows to (and from) the UK, London: Institute for Public Policy Research, 2008

Schaafsma J. i Sweetman A., Immigrant Earnings: Age at Immigration Matters, Canadian Journal of Economics 34/4 (2001): 1066-1099

Scott, K., The Immigrant Experience: Changing Employment and Income Patterns in Sweden, Lund: Lund University Press, 1999

S?oczy?ski T., The OaxacaBlinder Unexplained Component as a Treatment Effects Estimator, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 77/4 (2015): 588-604

Stark O. i Fan S. C., The Analytics of Seasonal Migration, Economics Letters 94/2 (2007): 304312

Directorate General For Internal Policies Policy Department A: Economic And Scientific Policy Report Income Inequality: Wage Dispersion in the European Union, November 2014 (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2014_2019/documents/empl/dv/empl20141104_wage_dispersion_pe536294_/empl20141104_wage_dispersion_pe536294_en.pdf, dost?p z dnia 29.09.15)

Migration Advisory Committee Summary Report Migrants in low-skilled work: The growth of EU and non-EU labour in low-skilled jobs and its impact on the UK, July 2014 (https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/333084/MAC-_Migrants_in_low-skilled_work_Summary_2014.pdf, dost?p z dnia 29.09.15)

Office for National Statistics. Social Survey Division and Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Central Survey Unit, Quarterly Labour Force Survey, April-June, 2004-2014 [computer file]. 4th Edition. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive [distributor], March 2015. SN: 7501, http://dx.doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-7501-4

UK Visas and Immigration and Immigration Enforcement, Immigration statistics quarterly release, April - June 2011, Immigration statistics quarterly release and Migration statistics (2011) (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/tables-immigration-statistics-april-to-june-2011, dost?p z dnia 13.11.14)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17451/eko/43/2015/136

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.