Imigranci w Wielkiej Brytanii: skala dyskryminacji płacowej a pochodzenie

Igor Jakubiak

Abstract


W artykule podjęto próbę porównania skali dyskryminacji płacowej imigrantów na rynku pracy Zjednoczonego Królestwa w wyróżnionych grupach narodowościowych. Na podstawie danych, pochodzących z Labour Force Survey, przeprowadzono dekompozycję Oaxaca-Blinder i Juhn-Murphy-Pierce. Uzyskane wyniki sugerują występowanie podziału imigrantów na pracowników z krajów wysokorozwiniętych, postkolonialnych, słabo rozwiniętych oraz nowych krajów Unii Europejskiej. Poziom dyskryminacji płacowej jest najwyższy wśród ostatnich dwóch grup i wynosi między 10 a 25%. W grupach tych wyraźnie zaobserwować można też wpływ braku umiejętności właściwych dla kraju docelowego oraz silniejszej motywacji do pracy osób z lewego ogona rozkładu płac.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17451/eko/43/2015/136

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